What can a Fertility Test Reveal About One’s Health?

December 20, 2019 | Yesmom

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Top Things to Know:

  • A woman’s menstrual cycle helps determine her health status.
  • Women with balanced hormones and a regular menstrual cycle are healthy.
  • Hormones like FSH and TSH are critical in regulating a woman’s monthly cycle, their balance also influences women’s fertility. 
  • Getting your hormonal levels checked using a fertility test helps determine your overall health and your risks of developing other systemic diseases.
  • Women with conditions like PCOS usually have hormonal imbalance which can lead to infertility.


What a fertility test can tell you about your general health


As a woman, our body goes through many ups and downs throughout the month. Through we do crib about our periods, but having a regular menstrual cycle keeps us healthy! The level and balance of your reproductive hormones can speak volumes about our overall health. Women with normal hormonal levels have regular menstrual cycles, and are healthier than those with period problems. 


Estrogen and progesterone are the reproductive hormones that regulate our monthly cycles. Both of them are secreted by parts of the ovaries in varying quantities throughout the month. They are regulated by another hormone called Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) which is released by the master hormone gland: the pituitary gland, located in the brain. FSH plays a particularly crucial role in our body as it influences fertility in women.


What Can Your FSH Level Tell About Your Fertility?


Getting your FSH levels checked can give you and your doctor a whole lot of information about your fertility, for examples: the health of your pituitary and the functioning of your ovaries. Measuring FSH levels also provides information about any underlying conditions that may be causing a deficiency in the hormone levels such as stress, generalized hormonal imbalance, severely underweight, etc.

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  • The normal level of FSH that can help you conceive is below 10mlU/ ml. 
  • Since FSH triggers the ovaries to prepare to release an egg each month, high levels usually indicate an abnormality in the egg number or quality because the FSH tries to stimulate the ovaries more. So, high FSH levels usually mean low fertility. 
  • Having low FSH levels means that your ovaries are not being stimulated enough and can mean low fertility as well. 
  • The FSH level test is usually done using blood test earlier on in your menstrual cycle, preferably on day 3 of the cycle. 


Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Its Effect on Fertility


The other hormone that reveals a great deal about your fertility is the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone or TSH. 

  • Just like the FSH regulates the reproductive system, the TSH regulates the metabolic processes in your body. 
  • An excess TSH leads to an increase of the thyroid hormones. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. 
  • Reduced TSH leads to hypothyroidism. Some of its symptoms mimic early signs of pregnancy such as irregular periods and lack of ovulation. 
  • Sometimes a woman might experience heavy bleeding without ovulation, which means difficulty in conceiving. 
  • Thyroid hormone imbalance is a worrying issue that has direct effects on women’s fertility. 42 million Indians suffer from thyroid disorders; about 1 in 10 adults suffer from hypothyroidism and a majority of them are women.


PCOS and Fertility – Is There a Link?


Irregularity of periods can all be signs of something hidden like Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). PCOS causes an imbalance of hormones and ovulation, and is a leading cause of infertility in women. However, the effects of PCOS are not just limited to infertility and reproductive health issues, as it also increases a woman’s risk of developing conditions like:


  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Cardiac diseases
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Cervical cancer


Fertility may or may not be on your mind right now. However, you must always have a clear idea about your menstrual cycle and reproductive health. You can also try the Yesmom Fertility Profile to get a better insight into your reproductive health. Planning to have children in the near future? Yesmom can help you find more about your hormonal levels and fertility!

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[1], [2] FSH and Fertility. Early Pregnancy Tests. Available from: https://www.early-pregnancy-tests.com/fsh-fertility

[3]1 in 10 Indians have hypothyroidism. Down to Earth.Available from: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/health/1-in-10-indians-have-hypothyroidism-61693

[4] What Fertility Can Tell you About Your Overall Health. Modern Fertility. Weblog. 16th Jan 2019. Available from: https://modernfertility.com/blog/overall-health/